These methods long practiced without official control, found recently a legislative framework, with the inclusion of tactical fire in the civil security law of modernization adopted on 30 July 2004 by the French parliament.
With Article L. 2212-1, the Mayor is guided by the Act under the administrative control of the State official in the federal and the state police.
By this law, finally tactical fire finds its place among the range of control methods available to firefighters.
Since the 9 July 2001 the State, local authorities and organizations such as the National Office of Forests (ONF), the department fire and rescue services are able to conduct prescribed burning preventing forest fires.
These technics are only applicable in areas at least 200m away from lands such as wood, forest, moorland, scrubland and bushes... located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Languedoc-Roussillon, Corsica, Midi-Pyrénées, Aquitaine, Poitou-Charentes, and the departments of Ardèche and Drôme.
The 29 April 2002 decree defines prescribed burning as the burning grasses, brushes, litters, cutting shifts, branches, dead wood which is conducive of fire.
This operation is conducted in a planned and controlled predefined area with an obligation to secure people, property, forest and border land according to specifications approved by each department authority.
Fire prevention must be achieved only with the written or tacit agreement of the concerned landowners (refer to the Forestry Code).
The person responsible for the fire prevention must participated in prescribed burning training given by an institution on a list adopted by the Agriculture and Interior Minister.
The prescribed burning conducted outside the areas covered by the forestry code or by external contractors other than the State and local authorities, are not covered by the new provisions. They can therefore be realized only as a right of an owner permitted to intervene on fire.
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